Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2013)                   3dj 2013, 2(4): 23-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Vejdani J, Poor fathollah S, Kazemnezhad Leyli E. Prevalence of Traumatic Injuries to the Anterior Pri‌mary Teeth in Preschool Children in Rasht, Guilan, 2012. 3dj 2013; 2 (4) :23-28
URL: http://3dj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-72-en.html
1- Oro-Maxillofacial Develop‌ mental Disease Research Center, Department of Pe‌diatric Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Dental School, Rasht, Iran
2- Rasht, Iran
3- Ph.D in Biostatistics, Social Determinants Of Health ( SDH ) Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (3915 Views)

Introduction: Dental trauma is a very significant problem in primary dentition. It has a physical, esthetic and psychological impact on the child and his/her parents. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of traumatic inju‌ries to the anterior primary teeth and deter‌mining factors in 2-5-year-old children in Rasht, 2012.
Materials and Methods: This research was a cross-sectional study. In order to ex‌amine for the signs of trauma to their anterior primary teeth, 748 two to five year-old children of kin‌dergartens in the city of Rasht were chosen. A ques‌tionnaire regarding the demographic data of their children and history of the trauma were sent to the parents. The statistical analysis was chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of traumatic injury to anterior primary teeth was 23.8%, with no sig‌nificant differences between boys and girls. Enamel fractures were the most common trau‌matic injury (76.5%). The most common cause, location and seasonal variation of the trauma were respectively falling (95.6%), at home (59.8%) and summer (78.3%). There were more traumas in Children with increased over jet than those with normal or decreased over jet.
Conclusion: The dental trauma in primary denti‌tion is an accident that occurs due to child‌ren’s development stage, even when they are cared for by mothers at home. There is a need for an edu‌cational program specifically directed at parents to inform them about the immediate dental treatment in case of traumatic dental injuries.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Radiology
Received: 2014/04/29 | Accepted: 2014/04/29 | Published: 2014/04/29

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