جلد 2، شماره 4 - ( 9-1392 )                   جلد 2 شماره 4 صفحات 23-28 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Vejdani J, Poor fathollah S, Kazemnezhad Leyli E. Prevalence of Traumatic Injuries to the Anterior Pri‌mary Teeth in Preschool Children in Rasht, Guilan, 2012. 3dj. 2013; 2 (4) :23-28
URL: http://3dj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-72-fa.html
Prevalence of Traumatic Injuries to the Anterior Pri‌mary Teeth in Preschool Children in Rasht, Guilan, 2012. مجله انگلیسی زبان دانشکده دندانپزشکی گیلان. 1392; 2 (4) :23-28

URL: http://3dj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-72-fa.html


چکیده:   (1629 مشاهده)

Introduction: Dental trauma is a very significant problem in primary dentition. It has a physical, esthetic and psychological impact on the child and his/her parents. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of traumatic inju‌ries to the anterior primary teeth and deter‌mining factors in 2-5-year-old children in Rasht, 2012.
Materials and Methods: This research was a cross-sectional study. In order to ex‌amine for the signs of trauma to their anterior primary teeth, 748 two to five year-old children of kin‌dergartens in the city of Rasht were chosen. A ques‌tionnaire regarding the demographic data of their children and history of the trauma were sent to the parents. The statistical analysis was chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of traumatic injury to anterior primary teeth was 23.8%, with no sig‌nificant differences between boys and girls. Enamel fractures were the most common trau‌matic injury (76.5%). The most common cause, location and seasonal variation of the trauma were respectively falling (95.6%), at home (59.8%) and summer (78.3%). There were more traumas in Children with increased over jet than those with normal or decreased over jet.
Conclusion: The dental trauma in primary denti‌tion is an accident that occurs due to child‌ren’s development stage, even when they are cared for by mothers at home. There is a need for an edu‌cational program specifically directed at parents to inform them about the immediate dental treatment in case of traumatic dental injuries.

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۳/۲/۹ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۳/۲/۹ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۳/۲/۹

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