[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 2, Number 4 (12-2013) ::
3dj 2013, 2(4): 15-22 Back to browse issues page
Risk factors for severe early childhood caries in 2-3-year-old children in Rasht
Javaneh Vejdani , Zahra Hadipoor, Ehsan Kazem‌nezhad Leyli
Assistant Professor Oro-Maxillofacial Developmen‌tal Disease Research Center, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (1367 Views)

Introduction: Severe early childhood caries is the presence of smooth-surface caries in children younger than three years of age. This rampant form of dental caries exerts a negative impact on the quality of life of both the child and the family .The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) among 2-3 year-old children in Rasht.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective, case control study was carried out on 267, 2-3 year-old-children, who were divided into two groups. The study group (cases) included 89 children who were diagnosed with S-ECC. The cases were com‌pared with the control group including 178 child‌ren who were caries free. The mothers of children in two groups were asked to fill in a checklist con‌taining the demographic data, dietary, sleep and oral hygiene habits of the children. Data were statistically analyzed using χ2 test and multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results: Statistical Significant variables associated with S-ECC were breast or bottle feeding to assist with falling asleep at night (P = 0.001), number of nights the child sleep through the night (P< 0.0001), on demand feeding (P < 0.0001), late start of brushing (P = 0.007), frequency of giving sugary snacks (P = 0.016) and the use of a bottle to drink sweetened liquids (P <0.0001). There was no significant relationship between S-ECC and the method, duration of feeding and educa‌tional level of parents.
Conclusion: Breast or bottle feeding to assist with falling asleep at night, number of nights the child sleep through the night, on demand feeding , late start of tooth brushing, frequency of giving su‌gary snacks and the use of a bottle to drink swee‌tened liquids were identified as risk factors for the development of dental caries in young child‌ren.

Keywords: Child, Dental Caries, Risk Factors
Full-Text [PDF 75 kb]   (555 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Radiology
Received: 2014/04/29 | Accepted: 2014/04/29 | Published: 2014/04/29
Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >




DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.3dj.2.4.15
PMID:
PMCID:


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Vejdani J, Hadipoor Z, Kazem‌nezhad Leyli E. Risk factors for severe early childhood caries in 2-3-year-old children in Rasht. 3dj. 2013; 2 (4) :15-22
URL: http://3dj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html
Volume 2, Number 4 (12-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان Journal of Dentomaxillofacial
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.138 seconds with 817 queries by yektaweb 3501