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:: Volume 3, Number 1 (9-2014) ::
3dj 2014, 3(1): 46-47 Back to browse issues page
Pit and Fissure Sealant Versus Fluoride Varnish In Prevention of Occlusal Caries
Katayoun Salem , Fatemeh Shahsavari, Ehsan Kazemnejad, Zahra Poorhabibi
Assistant Professor Department of Pediatric Denti-stry, and Oro-Maxillofacial Developmental Disease Research Center, Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan Dental School. Guilan University of Medical Sciences; Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (3840 Views)

Introduction: It was to compare the efficacy of semiannually fluoride varnish application versus pit and fissure sealant to reduce occlusal caries incidence.
Materials and methods: A randomized parallel designed study was conducted with 352 child-ren aged 6-7 years. Participants were allocated into biannual application of varnish (n=179) (NaF 5 %( Durafluor, DENTSPLY®, Latin America) or resin-based fissure sealant (n=173) (Eco Seal, Korea®) single application without previous tooth preparation. Two visual-tactile methods including WHO and Nyvad criteria were used for caries detection. The unit of analysis was tooth surface. χ2 test, t-test, Fisher exact, and multi-variable logistic regression were used for statis-tical analysis.
 Results: Proportion of caries free (DMF=0) were 79.8% and 79.1% among the sealant and var-nish groups respectively. By using Nyvad visual-tactile criteria 60.4% and 50.2% of surfaces re-mained sound in sealant and varnish groups respectively (p < 0.001). The prevented fraction of sealant to varnish by two measures was 3.46 and 20.5 respectively. Regression model showed sealant application (OR=0.34) and tooth brushing >2 times/day (OR=0.8) were protective factors while dmfs>4(OR=0.08), and snack con-sumption >2 times/day (OR=1.3) were risk fac-tors of caries incidence.
 Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that semiannual fluoride varnish application can be recommended for preventing and reducing occlusal caries in low caries risk population.

Keywords: Fluoride varnish, Fissure sealant, Occlusal Caries
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: So on
Received: 2014/10/23 | Accepted: 2014/10/23 | Published: 2014/10/23
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.3dj.3.1.46
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Salem K, Shahsavari F, Kazemnejad E, Poorhabibi Z. Pit and Fissure Sealant Versus Fluoride Varnish In Prevention of Occlusal Caries. 3dj. 2014; 3 (1) :46-47
URL: http://3dj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-93-en.html
Volume 3, Number 1 (9-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان Journal of Dentomaxillofacial
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